Accounting Entries in case GST paid under Reverse Charge

Accounting Entries in case GST paid under Reverse Charge

Features of reverse charge mechanism of payment of tax on certain supply of services under GST:

The bulleted points of the above discussion are as below:

  • Reverse charge is a mode of collection of tax by government and not a different tax.
  • If goods and / or services are purchase from the registered taxable person – reverse charge levy can be effected only when goods and / or services traded are one of the specified items. Till date no such items are specified by central government.
  • Goods and / or services on which tax is payable under reverse charge are not exempted goods and / or services.
  • In case such goods are supplied by registered taxable person tax invoice shall be prepared by such supplier with the mentioned of the words – “TAX IS PAYABLE ON REVERSE CHARGE BASIS”
  • In case goods and / or services are supplied by unregistered person tax invoice will be generated by recipient taxable person under section 31(3)(f).
  • ITC of tax paid under RCM (reverse charge mechanism) will allowed once tax and value of supply is paid.

With the above background the accounting entry that can be passed is given below:

Accounting entry at seller end:

Whether supply is made by registered person or unregistered person –

XYZ party a/c Dr

To Sale (under RCM) a/c

Accounting entry at purchaser end:

Mode 1 : Purchase made from registered person:

  • Tax will be paid by receiver of goods
  • Tax Invoice shall be prepared by supplier of goods / services
  • ITC will be available on tax paid
  • Payment voucher shall be prepared for every payment made

Accounting entry:

Purchase:

Purchase a/c Dr

Provisional ITC of CGST (under RCM)

Provisional ITC of SGST (under RCM)

To ABC Party a/c (For material purchase)

To CGST (under RCM) (For CGST)

To SGST (under RCM) (For SGST)

Availing ITC after fulfilling conditions:

ITC of CGST Dr

ITC of SGST Dr

To Provisional ITC of CGST (under RCM)

To Provisional ITC of SGST (under RCM)

Mode 1 : Purchase made from un-registered person:

  • Tax will be paid by receiver of goods
  • Tax Invoice shall be prepared by receiver of goods / services
  • No question of issuance of bill of supply as supply is not of exempted goods
  • ITC will be available on tax paid
  • Payment voucher shall be prepared for every payment made

Accounting entry:

Purchase:

Purchase a/c Dr

To ABC Party a/c (For material purchase)

 

Issue of tax invoice:

Provisional ITC of CGST (under RCM)

Provisional ITC of SGST (under RCM)

Memorandum sale a/c – crated only for the purpose of creating GST liability

To CGST (under RCM) (For CGST)

To SGST (under RCM) (For SGST)

To Memorandum sale a/c – crated only for the purpose of creating GST liability

 

Availing ITC after fulfilling conditions:

ITC of CGST Dr

ITC of SCST Dr

To Provisional ITC of CGST (under RCM)

To Provisional ITC of SGST (under RCM)

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